Visual Studio 2013 平台目標與相容性 Visual Studio 2013 Platform Targeting and Compatibility

上次更新日期 2018/1/31

系統需求System Requirements

從 Microsoft Visual Studio 2012 升級至 Visual Studio 2013 時,您即可利用經過重新整理和簡化的環境,具有增強的效能而不需要任何額外的硬體需求。When upgrading from Microsoft Visual Studio 2012 to Visual Studio 2013 you will take advantage of a refreshed and simplified environment with enhanced performance without any additional hardware requirements. 其中一些核心增強功能使用的功能只出現在最新版本的 Windows 中,可能需要您升級至支援的作業系統。Some of these core enhancements make use of capabilities that are only present in the latest versions of Windows and might require you to upgrade to a supported operating system.

如需 Visual Studio 2015 的系統需求,請參閱 Visual Studio 2013 系統需求頁面The system requirements for Visual Studio 2015 can be found on the Visual Studio 2013 System Requirement page.

平台目標Platform Targeting

Visual Studio 提供尖端工具與技術,以建立充分利用最新的平台功能的應用程式。Visual Studio provides cutting-edge tools and technologies to create apps that take advantage of the latest platforms capabilities. Visual Studio 2013 也顧及 Windows XP 與 Windows Server 2003 等舊版平台,讓您可以建立新的應用程式或現代化現有在舊版 Windows 上執行的應用程式,同時還能利用 Visual Studio 2013 的強化開發工具、品質提升及小組共同作業功能。Visual Studio 2013 also targets earlier platforms such as Windows XP and Windows Server 2003 so you can create new apps or modernize existing apps that execute on earlier versions of Windows while leveraging the enhanced development tools, quality enablement, and team collaboration capabilities in Visual Studio 2013. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱管理專案中的參考Visual Studio 多目標概觀For more information, see Managing Project References and Visual Studio Multi-Targeting Overview.

Visual Studio 2013 對 Windows 桌面開發的支援Visual Studio 2013 Support for Windows Desktop Development

目標平台 1Targeted Platform 1 機器碼開發Native Code Development 受控碼開發Managed Code Development
Windows 8.1Windows 8.1 ✔️ 2✔️ 2 ✔️ 2✔️ 2
Windows 8Windows 8 ✔️ 2✔️ 2 ✔️ 2✔️ 2
Windows 7Windows 7 ✔️✔️ ✔️✔️
Windows VistaWindows Vista ✔️ 5✔️ 5 ✔️ 5✔️ 5
Windows XPWindows XP ✔️ 4✔️ 4 ✔️ 4、5✔️ 4, 5
Windows Server 2012 R2Windows Server 2012 R2 ✔️ 2✔️ 2 ✔️ 2✔️ 2
Windows Server 2012Windows Server 2012 ✔️✔️ ✔️✔️
Windows Server 2008 R2Windows Server 2008 R2 ✔️✔️ ✔️✔️
Windows Server 2008Windows Server 2008 ✔️✔️ ✔️✔️
Windows Server 2003Windows Server 2003 ✔️ 3、5✔️ 3, 5 ✔️ 4、5✔️ 4, 5
註腳:1. 當與上述平台提供的最新版 Service Pack 搭配使用時,Visual Studio 支援這些平台。 Footnotes: 1. Visual Studio supports the listed platforms when used with the latest available service pack for that platform. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱 Microsoft 支援週期For more information, see Microsoft Support Lifecycle.
2. 如需 Microsoft Store 應用程式開發 (包括 WinJS 開發) 的 Visual Studio 2013 支援,請參閱下表。2. See table below for Visual Studio 2013 support for Windows Store app development, including WinJS development.
3. 需要 Visual Studio 2010 的並存安裝。3. Requires side-by-side installation of Visual Studio 2010. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱︰A look ahead at the Visual Studio 11 product lineup and platform support (Visual Studio 11 產品列表及平台支援預覽)。For more information, see: A Look Ahead at the Visual Studio 2012 Product Lineup and Platform Support.
4. 需要使用 Visual Studio 受控多重目標4. Requires using Visual Studio managed multi-targeting.
5. 目標平台無法使用遠端偵錯與分析工具。5. Remote debugging and profiling tools not available for targeted platform.

Visual Studio 2013 對 Windows 市集應用程式和 Windows Phone 開發的支援Visual Studio 2013 Support for Windows Store App and Windows Phone Development

您可以使用下列版本的 Visual Studio 2013 建立 Windows 市集和 Windows Phone 應用程式。You can create Windows Store and Windows Phone apps with the following editions of Visual Studio 2013.


Visual Studio 2013 版Visual Studio 2013 Edition 供開發所安裝的 OSInstalled OS for Development Windows 8.1 版 Microsoft Store 應用程式Windows Store apps for Windows 8.1 Windows Phone 8.1 應用程式Windows Phone 8.1 apps Windows 8 版 Microsoft Store 應用程式Windows Store apps for Windows 8 Windows Phone 8 應用程式Windows Phone 8 apps
Express for WindowsExpress for Windows Windows 8.1Windows 8.1 ✔️ 1✔️ 1 ✔️✔️ 不支援 2Not Supported 2 ✔️ 5、6、7✔️ 5, 6, 7
Ultimate、Premium、ProfessionalUltimate, Premium, Professional Windows 8.1Windows 8.1 ✔️ 1✔️ 1 ✔️✔️ 現有的服務 1、2、3Service existing 1, 2, 3 ✔️ 4、7✔️ 4, 7
Ultimate、Premium、ProfessionalUltimate, Premium, Professional Windows Server 2012 R2Windows Server 2012 R2 僅限組建 1 Build only 1 僅限組建Build only 僅限組建Build only 僅限組建Build only
Ultimate、Premium、ProfessionalUltimate, Premium, Professional Windows 8Windows 8 不支援Not Supported 不支援Not Supported 不支援Not Supported ✔️ 4✔️ 4
Ultimate、Premium、ProfessionalUltimate, Premium, Professional Windows Server 2012Windows Server 2012 不支援Not Supported 不支援Not Supported 不支援Not Supported 僅限組建Build only
註腳: 1. 包含對 Windows 8.1 的遠端偵錯支援。 Footnotes: 1. Includes support for remote debugging to Windows 8.1.
2. Visual Studio 2013 支援 Microsoft Store 應用程式專案從 Windows 8 移轉至 Windows 8.1。2. Visual Studio 2013 supports migration of Windows Store app projects from Windows 8 to Windows 8.1.
3. 使用 Visual Studio 2013 仍可保留現有的 Windows 8 專案,包括對 Windows 8.1 和 Windows 8 的遠端偵錯。3. Existing Windows 8 projects may be maintained with Visual Studio 2013, including remote debugging to Windows 8.1 and Windows 8. 使用 Visual Studio 2012 建立新的 Windows 8 專案。Use Visual Studio 2012 to create new Windows 8 projects.
4. Visual Studio 2013 支援 Windows Phone 7 和 7.5 專案移轉至 Windows Phone 8。4. Visual Studio 2013 supports migration of Windows Phone 7 and 7.5 projects to Windows Phone 8.
5. 需要 Visual Studio 2013 Update 2 或更新版本。5. Requires Visual Studio 2013 Update 2 or later. 6. Windows Phone 模擬器會依需求安裝。6. Windows Phone emulator installed on demand. 7. 支援 Windows Phone 8 專案移轉至 Windows Phone Silverlight 8.1。7. Supports migration of Windows Phone 8 projects to Windows Phone Silverlight 8.1.

舊版相容性Compatibility with Previous Releases

Windows 8.1 和 Windows Phone 8.1 的 Windows 市集應用程式專案無法在舊版的 Visual Studio 中開啟。Windows Store app projects for Windows 8.1 and Windows Phone 8.1 cannot be opened in earlier versions of Visual Studio.

您可以並存安裝及使用 Visual Studio 2013 與 Visual Studio 2012。You can install and use Visual Studio 2013 alongside Visual Studio 2012. 在 Windows 8.1 上安裝時,Visual Studio 2012 會繼續支援建立 Windows 8 和 Windows Phone 8 的 Windows 市集應用程式。When installed on Windows 8.1, Visual Studio 2012 continues to support creation of Windows Store apps for Windows 8 and Windows Phone 8. 此外,Visual Studio 2012 Update 3 包含 Visual Studio 2012 與 Visual Studio 2013 之間專案相容性的改良功能,並解決 Windows 8.1 上的 Visual Studio 2012 相容性問題。In addition, Visual Studio 2012 Update 3 contains improvements for project compatibility between Visual Studio 2012 and Visual Studio 2013, and resolves compatibility issues for Visual Studio 2012 on Windows 8.1.

.NET 4.5.1 是與 .NET 4 和 .NET 4.5. 高度相容的直接更新。.NET 4.5.1 is a highly compatible in-place update of .NET 4 and .NET 4.5.

如需詳細資訊,請參閱 Visual Studio 2013 Compatibility (Visual Studio 2013 相容性)。For additional information, see Visual Studio 2013 Compatibility.

升級路徑Upgrade paths

遵循支援的升級路徑時,Visual Studio 來源、解決方案和專案檔案都會繼續運作;但是,您應該要有對來源進行一些變更的準備。When following the supported upgrade paths, your Visual Studio source, solution, and project files will continue to work; however, you should expect to make some changes to sources. 雖然我們無法保證不同版本之間的二進位碼相容性,但我們會盡全力記錄重大變更以協助您進行更新。While we cannot guarantee binary compatibility between releases, we will do our best to document significant changes to assist you with updates.

支援:Supported:

  • 從 Visual Studio Team Foundation Server (及 Express) 2012 (RTM 或任何更新) 升級至 Visual Studio Team Foundation Server (及 Express) 2013Upgrade from Visual Studio Team Foundation Server (and Express) 2012 (RTM or any Update) to Visual Studio Team Foundation Server (and Express) 2013
  • 從 Visual Studio Team Foundation Server (及 Express) 2010 升級至 Visual Studio Team Foundation Server (及 Express) 2013Upgrade from Visual Studio Team Foundation Server (and Express) 2010 to Visual Studio Team Foundation Server (and Express) 2013

續用資產Carrying assets forward

使用支援的升級路徑時,Visual Studio Team Foundation Server 中的所有資料 (工作項目、原始程式檔、測試和測試結果、組建和資料倉儲) 都會續用。All data in Visual Studio Team Foundation Server (work items, source files, tests and test results, builds, and warehouse data) carries forward when following supported upgrade paths. 不過,即使使用支援的升級路徑,您還是應該在升級至新的版本之前,採取適當措施備份並保護資料。However, even when following supported upgrade paths, you should take adequate measures to back up and protect your data prior to upgrading to a new release.

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